Portugal is often associated only with Port, Madeira, Vinho Verde and cheap rosé wines - wrongly. Because the country with its approx. 300 autochthonous grape varieties has much more to offer. Viticulture has a centuries-old tradition. In 1756, the Douro region was declared the first protected and demarcated wine-growing area in the world. A boom was followed by many years of slumber. Young winegrowers have now taken over the reins and are trying to rejoin the wine world with quality. One can look forward to pleasant surprises.
Viticulture has a tradition in Portugal that goes back over 2000 years and can be traced back to the Phoenicians. Even today, special methods of wine production bear witness to this valuable heritage. For example, in the country's largest province, Alentejo, talhas, large clay amphorae, are still traditionally used as fermentation vessels. Approximately 300 autochthonous grape varieties are known in the land of climatic contrasts and geographical contrasts. This combination makes possible the unique variety of wines with their own character.
Vines are cultivated on 400 000 hectares. This corresponds to fifth place in an international comparison. However, only 8.5 million hl are produced on average - that is just enough for eighth place at present. Almost 80 per cent of this is consumed domestically.