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Even though sparkling wine and even red wine from Tempranillo are allowed in the meantime, the DO Rueda, which was introduced in 1980, is mainly considered as an appellation for the most famous white wines of Spain. The main variety here is Verdejo, which takes up the vast majority of the vineyard area. If Verdejo is on the label, the wine must consist of at least 85% of the variety, but it can also contain small amounts of Viura (Macabeo), Palomino or Sauvignon Blanc. Originally, all Ruedas consisted mostly of Verdejo, but now Sauvignon-dominated wines or even pure Sauvignons are permitted.

Good Rueda can be surprisingly fresh, cool and lively. The reason for this is the altitude - the vineyards are located at about 600 to 800 meters above sea level - and the associated weather conditions. The winters are long, the summers hot and dry, but especially in autumn the nights get cool quickly, which has a positive effect on aroma freshness and acidity stability. The best Verdejos are juicy, pear-fruity, moderately vegetal and not infrequently distinctly mineral. The majority taste best young, but there are some top examples that can age for several years, especially if they come from small wooden barrels, which are ideally used very carefully here. The Sauvignons are usually much more vegetal, sometimes quite interesting and independent, but they hardly ever reach the best Sauvignons of other regions.