The DO Montsant
has long been overshadowed by its famous neighbour, the DO Priorat
, which surrounds it like a horseshoe. It is mountainous and challenging for both winemakers and hikers. Viticulture
is dominated by the two red grape varieties Garnatxa
and Carinyena. White wine is only grown on about 100 of the total 2,000 hectares. The soils are a mosaic of limestone
and slate with more or less red clay. The climate
is temperate-Mediterranean, with the offshore mountains providing strong temperature fluctuations between day and night. Average temperatures range from 9°C to 21°C.
In 2008, a study was started that defined six sub-zones, in which the grapes take on different characteristics depending on the soil and microclimate. The vineyards, which are often small parcels, lie
between 200 and 700 metres above sea level. Managing them in harmony with nature is a major concern of the wineries presented here.