In the south of France, the extensive wine-growing region of Languedoc-Roussillon stretches along the Mediterranean coast between Collioure and Nîmes. Its larger, north-eastern part, the Languedoc, has had a new wine classification since the beginning of 2011, which the professional association for Languedoc wines CIVL(Conseil Interprofessionnel des Vins du Languedoc) brought into being. The foundation for this new three-tier hierarchy was already laid in 2007, when the Appellation Coteaux du Languedoc was renamed Languedoc AOC.
The Languedoc AOC covers 38,000 hectares of vineyards spread over the three départements of Aude, Gard and Hérault and extending into the département of Pyrénées-Orientales. In 2009, the region's harvest was 1.25 million hectolitres, with an average yield of 33 hectolitres per hectare, one of the lowest in France. The Languedoc is known for mostly powerful and spicy red, rosé and white wines, many of which are made from autochthonous grape varieties. The most important red varieties are Carignan, Grenache, Cinsault, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec (Cot) as well as Fer Servadou and Lledonner Pelut. The white varieties grown are mainly Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Roussanne, Marsanne, Mauzac, Piquepoul Blanc, Rolle (Vermentino), Macabeu, Bourboulenc as well as Muscat, Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay .