From Burgundy in France, Pinot Nero arrived in Italy in the mid-19th century, especially in the Oltrepò region. Since the 1960s, the area under cultivation has increased rapidly from 600 hectares at that time to the current 3,000. Pinot Nero is present throughout the Oltrepò, although it is mainly found in the Versa and Scuropasso valleys and in Montalto Pavese. Numerous experiments carried out in the Oltrepò by the Istituto di Coltivazioni Arboree della Facoltà di Agraria (Institute of Tree Planting of the Faculty of Agriculture) in Milan have shown that this variety is particularly suitable for narrow plantations and short pruning with few buds because of its low vigour. Under these conditions, in suitable locations in the Oltrepò, high-class Pinots with their very own character are created.