Last year, 8.94 million hectolitres of wine and must were produced in Germany. According to the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), production was thus six per cent or 491,800 hectolitres higher than in 2021. Compared to the average for the years 2016 to 2021, 3.5 per cent more wine and must was produced (+ 304,600 hl). Two thirds (66%) of the wines produced in 2022 were white wines, one third (34%) red wines including rosé wine and Rotling. If the quantity is converted into 0.75-litre bottles, around 1.2 billion bottles were bottled in 2022.
The share of Prädikat wines was 21 percent (1.9 million hl). This share was significantly higher than in 2021, when only 15 percent of the volume produced was made into Prädikat wine. In addition, 6.72 million hectolitres of quality wine (75 %) and 316,100 hectolitres of quality wine or Landwein (4 %) were produced.
The two largest wine-growing regions, Rheinhessen and Pfalz, produced just under half of Germany's wine volume in 2022. In Rheinhessen it was 2.44 million hectolitres, in the Pfalz 1.79 million. This is followed by the wine-growing region of Baden with 1.37 million hectolitres, ahead of the Mosel wine-growing region with 1.28 million hectolitres.
The 2022 wine year was characterised by a long dry spell in the summer. Especially young vines or vineyards with low water storage capacity suffered from the lack of precipitation. Where irrigation was not possible, the harvest was noticeably smaller. The older vines had fewer problems with this because of their deep roots. The dry summer reduced fungal infestation, which had a positive effect on the health of the grapes. There were also no late frosts or storms such as hail in 2022. The rainfall shortly before the harvest ultimately led to higher yields than expected.
(ru / Source: Destatis)